Five major senses development in child
Our five major senses allow us to enjoy our food, music, beauty of a sunny day, softness of child’s skin, roses etc. We rely on our five senses to provide information about the world around us. These five major senses which child has to develop himself and with the help of his surroundings.
List of five major senses
- Sight (vision)
There are sense organs associated with five major senses those are
- Some senses (such as smell and taste) are most powerful at birth.
- Hearing fully matures at 1 month.
- Sight develops gradually over the first year.
During first weeks of life your baby may seem to do little more than eat, sleep, cry but in reality all of your baby’s senses are functioning as your infant takes in the sights, sounds, and smells of this new world.
Interesting facts of senses development
- End of the first trimester baby can smell foods that mom is eating from womb.
- End of the first week of life baby’s nose can differentiate between mother’s breast milk and that of another milk
- Baby in womb are aware of smells. (Baby in the womb will actually cringe when she smells cigarette smoke.)
How to test the senses development in child
If you just want a little reassurance that your baby’s senses are working well, you can do some unscientific testing for yourself.
- Is your baby following your face or favorite toy?
- Is your baby responds to loud noise nearby, your voice, music.
- If you find any issue in baby’s vision consult doctor immediately their vision can be tested using sophisticated equipment.
- You can pay attention on your baby’s response on light, noise, and touch; you can see her senses coming alive.
Teaching the kids about the five senses (sight, smell, sound, taste, and touch) is a good way to help them understand their bodies. A lesson in the five senses is also great for self esteem because they are discovering new and exciting things about themselves.
Stimulating your child’s five senses
Baby needs to be placed in an environment where its senses are going to be appropriately stimulated, and where there is space and opportunity to practice and repeat it’s gradually developing motor skills.
Senses like sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell are needed to be capable of constantly sending messages to the brain about the surrounding world from the moment the baby is born and before birth. Research has shown that these senses begin to function in the womb.
Brain development and senses development
Brain development and senses development are associated with each other. They go parallel hand in hand as child is in his development stages. Senses are completely handled by brain. Brain is the one who manages the senses development and stimulation as per child’s surroundings.
Brain development can be classified into several major areas
- Motor skills
- Emotional skills
- Social skills
Activities help senses development and brain development
- During the first few months of life, babies learn to recognize shapes, colors and objects.
- The baby starts to see objects at varying distances and detect movement.
- The baby also starts to recognize sounds.
- These visual and auditory developments continue rapidly before beginning to slow around the age of 4 or 5 years old.
- Understanding language begins to develop at birth through constant exposure by parents talking, singing and reading to the child.
- Physical and motor skills can be divided into gross motor skills (e.g., walking) and fine motor skills (e.g., coloring with a crayon). These skills start at birth and continue through teenage.
- Gross motor skills start to develop earlier than fine motor skills. Once basic motor skills are mastered, continued experiences help refine movement and coordination, such as catching a ball while running.
- The last major sets of skills to develop are emotional and social skills.