Early stages of brain creation and development

Introduction of brain development stages


In this blog we will go through steps of brain creation and its development. You will learn more on human brain’s early stages and factors which contribute to the brain development.

early stages of brain development

Brain threads in different age group

When brain development start?

Brain development begins with the formation and closure of the neural tube, the earliest nervous tissue that looks like a fat earthworm stretched out along the entire back of the embryo. The neural tube forms from the neural plate, which begins forming just sixteen days after conception.

This plate lengthens and starts folding up, forming a groove at around eighteen days, which then begins fusing shut into a tube around twenty-two days post-conception.

neurons and connections

Neurons and connections of brain

By 27 days, the tube is fully closed and has already begun its transformation into the brain and spinal cord of the embryo. When basis of the brain and spinal cord forms, The embryo then starts to produce nerve cells / neurons.

Hidden facts of brain development

  • Neuroscientists have proved that the brain is affected by environmental conditions throughout the entire process of development, even prior to birth.
  • 60% of the genes are dedicated to brain development.
  • Genes drive the early stages of brain development.
    • Genes and environment interact at every step of brain development but they play very different roles.
    • Genes are responsible for the basic wiring plan for forming all of the cells (neurons) and general connections between different brain regions.
    • While experience is responsible for fine-tuning those connections, helping each child adapt to the particular environment. Environment includes geographical, cultural, family, school, and peer-group.
  • In first month following conception the cells in the neural tube start to multiply at an astonishing rate, reaching a maximum of 250,000 neurons a minute.
  • Most of the brain’s lifetime’s supply of cells is produced by six months.
  • Till 14 weeks very few of the brain cells are programmed to perform a function. Most of them start to move to form different areas of the brain. Most cells arrive at the correct site at the right time. The cells which are damaged or go astray tend to die.
  • In very rare situations some cells do reach the wrong location and form the wrong connections with the result later seen in eventual disorders such as severe infantile epilepsy, autism, some forms of intellectual delay and vulnerability to develop schizophrenia.
  • The brain produces many more cells than it will need. By the time the fetus is twenty weeks old, about half of these cells are deliberately shed. The remaining cells are organized into forty different physical areas that will broadly govern senses and skills such as vision, language and muscle movement.

Eat almonds for brain development

Put 3 to 4 almonds in water before going to sleep. Once you woke up in next morning remove almonds from water remove their shell and eat them. This will help in your child’s brain development. Eating almonds from early stage of pregnancy help in brain development of  fetus in mother’s womb.

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  1. This will be very helpful. Keep it up.

    • Thanks Mahesh. :)

    • loved this article but hope you will cover the hard wiring of the newborns brain by early and frequent Kangaroo Care (skin to skin) as well as parents talking to and reading to their infants even if though don’t understand (who knows) alsoattachment parenting giving the brain periods of rest, reassurance etc.. There has been powerful stuff researched by Dr. Nils Nergman in Africa and many others

  2. I am getting some requests for the actual research data that this information is coming from? Do you have references? I have seen it else where but have lost my sources

  3. I know walnuts are high in omega 3s, good for the baby’s brain, are almonds higher? Whats with the soaking of almonds? Most almonds come without the shells in the U.S. as well. A bit puzzeled.

    I teach early, and mid pregnancy classes at Kaiser, and Omega 3s are part of the advice we give to pregnant moms.

    Love some clarification.

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